MAT200A 02W
Courses:MAT200A 02W:Report:Intelligent Spaces

schedule MAT200A 02W

Report by: Andreas Schlegel

Intelligent Spaces



MIT Project Oxygen
What are Intelligent Spaces?

Is Hal, the computersystem in 2001:A Space Odyssey, just an unrealistic vision or will it become true in the near future?
Is the holodeck a desirable target or is it just a fiction?

How are Intelligent Spaces definded today?
What are the academic visions today?
How are Intelligent Spaces put into practice?

In the following i distinguish between Active Systems (Systems and users who react on each other and interact with each other), Passive Systems (Systems that record and analyse user and space) and Intelligent Spaces as art environments. The text fragments are quotes from the linked websites and are owned by their makers.

Active Systems
User <-> Space interaction through computerized systems

"Space-centered computation embedded in the physical world defines intelligent spaces populated by cameras, microphones, displays, sound output systems, radar systems, wireless networks, and controls for physical entities such as curtains, lighting, door locks, soda dispensers, toll gates, and automobiles. Physical objects become immensely more useful and usable. People find it easy to monitor and control their environment by taking advantage of freely-available computation embedded throughout that environment. They also interact with computation naturally in intelligent spaces, using speech and vision, without necessarily being aware that computation is present."
MIT Project Oxygen Environmental Devices

Project Aura Video

"The most precious resource in a computer system is no longer its processor, memory, disk or network. Rather, it is a resource not subject to Moore's law: User Attention. Today's systems distract a user in many explicit and implicit ways, thereby reducing his effectiveness.
Project Aura will fundamentally rethink system design to address this problem. Aura's goal is to provide each user with an invisible halo of computing and information services that persists regardless of location. Meeting this goal will require effort at every level: from the hardware and network layers, through the operating system and middleware, to the user interface and applications.
Project Aura will design, implement, deploy, and evaluate a large-scale system demonstrating the concept of a personal information aura that spans wearable, handheld, desktop and infrastructure computers."
Project Aura

Hashimoto Lab
Hashimoto Lab
Intelligent Control System Laboratory
What is Intelligent Space?
What can be done in Intelligent Space?
Related research pages

the intelligent space

"Ada is an artificial, avantgarde organism, a creature in the shape of a space which can perceive and via sounds, light and projections expressing its inner states. Ada is based upon the newest achievements in neuroscience. In contrast to conventional computer systems which are rule based, Ada is a neural network resembling our brain: Ada can learn and is "unpredictable". Ada's actions correspond to emotional behavioural patterns. Like humans or animals Ada expresses its being through coordinated goal-oriented behaviour, which is controlled by its own will."
ada the intelligent space

visual processing
computer music
auditory processing
neural models
visual system

"Smart Spaces are work environments with embedded computers, information appliances, and multi-modal sensors allowing people to perform tasks efficiently by offering unprecedented levels of access to information and assistance from computers. The NIST mission is to address the measurement, standards and interoperability challenges that must be met as tools for this future evolve in industrial Research and Development laboratories world wide."


more links

Smart Spaces Links
Self-Organizing Collaborative Environments

The Intelligent Use of Space

Passive Systems
Optimizing environments through observation and computerized systems

"The objective of this essay is to provide the beginning of a principled classification of some of the ways space is intelligently used. Studies of planning have typically focused on the temporal ordering of action, leaving as unaddressed questions of where to lay down instruments, ingredients, work-in-progress, and the like. But, in having a body, we are spatially located creatures: we must always be facing some direction, have only certain objects in view, be within reach of certain others. How we manage the spatial arrangement of items around us is not an afterthought: it is an integral part of the way we think, plan, and behave. The proposed classification has three main categories: spatial arrangements that simplify choice; spatial arrangements that simplify perception; and spatial dynamics that simplify internal computation. The data for such a classification is drawn from videos of cooking, assembly and packing, everyday observations in supermarkets, workshops and playrooms, and experimental studies of subjects playing Tetris, the computer game. This study, therefore, focuses on interactive processes in the medium and short term: on how agents set up their workplace for particular tasks, and how they continuously manage that workplace."
The Intelligent Use of Space by David Kirsh

"Intelligent Space is a planning consultancy partnership specialising in pedestrian movement and safety issues. We use state of the art computer modelling tools to provide independent and rigorous evidence on how well areas function for pedestrian use, and how well new developments are likely to work. We provide objective answers to the most important questions facing stakeholders in the development of healthy, successful cities, such as:
How safe is a new road scheme for pedestrians?
What are the likely flows of pedestrians in a new street?
Does a building suffer from functional obsolescence?
Will people be able to find their way around a new development easily?
Will new shops be able to catch potential shoppers or are they too secluded?
How much influence will key retail tenants have in different locations?
Which design scheme will provide a more economically sustainable development?
I-Space is based in London and operates internationally for investors, developers, local government, regeneration bodies and planning professionals."

June 8th 1999 was the 50th anniversary of the publication of
George Orwell's book "1984"
big brother is watching you
"The telescreen received and transmitted simultaneously. Any sound that Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it; moreover, so long as he remained within the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard. There was of course no way of knowing whether you were being watched at any given moment. How often, or on what system, the Thought Police plugged in on any individual wire was guesswork. It was even conceivable that they watched everybody all the time. But at any rate they could plug in your wire whenever they wanted to. You had to live - did live, from habit that became instinct - in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and except in darkness, every movement scrutinised."

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Intelligent Spaces as art environments

border patrol
Paul Garrin/USA, David Rokeby/CAN
"Autonomous Object Tracking System with Robotic Cameras Stationary cameras function as visual sensors to the VNSII interface by David Rokeby that controls the positioning of robotic "snipercams" which lock on to moving targets (the viewer's heads) and "fire shots" (audio of gunshots). The viewer sees his/her image on video monitors, set into the face of the metal wall, in the crosshairs of the snipercam. Each of the 4 autonomous snipercams can track up to 32 individual objects, and monitor their status: scanning - looks for target tracking - found target lock - engage target fire - shoot target verify - check for movement if no movement go on to next check again for movement after x duration, end time to live cycle. "


Carsten Nicolai, Marko Peljhan and artlab
"the word "polar" defines primarily two opposite ends, +(plus) and -(minus). but in the case of this new work the question about research methods and their materialisation in today's information environment are the primary field of interest; how humans can approach unknown environment as in p.e. in a polar probe. the aim of "polar" is to have inquirers themselves trying to find out how the following are fields are interrelated: sensory visible information (such as microorganisms), formation and changing process of invisible information (such as sound), and collecting keywords related to the "polar" knowledge base from the internet (we name it "dictionary," an intelligent information search system*) which is totally different from the former two types of information and directly embedded in the matrix. in this work, each participant is expected to individually investigate the unknown and seamless environment by relating to each visible, tactile and audible element in the space/time."
Carsten Nicolai, Marko Peljhan and artlab

search the web

intelligent spaces
intelligent space
smart spaces
smart space
intelligent environment
big brother
big brother is watching you