MAT200A 02W

Courses:MAT200A 02W:Report:your subject

schedule MAT200A 02W

Report by: Nitin Solanki

Space Art

The Definition of Space Art The term "Space Art" has many connotations and definitions even among the practitioners of this genre in the space community. Roger F Malina (1989. 1990). as editor of Leonardo: The Journal of Art, Science and Technology has tracked its development over years. He defines Space Art as: "Contemporary art which relies on space activity for its implementation" and lists seven broad categories: 

1. Fine art which exploits sensory experiences generated through space exploration. New landscapes become accessible through space photography and film. Space illustrators anticipated some of these. and make use of the photographic record from space exploration. 

2. Art which expresses the new psychological and philosophical conceptions developed through the exploration of space. The primary example of this is the concept of the Earth as a whole system. a concept made concrete by the first views of the whole Earth. from space. 

3. Art in space, viewed from Earth. 

4. Art on Earth, viewed from space. 

5. Art in space, viewed in space. 

6. The applied arts such as space architecture, interior design and furniture design. 

7. Fine art which takes advantage of new technologies and materials created through space activities. The most important of these make use of satellite systems to create simultaneous global artworks. 

Space Art Organizations The OURS Foundation
The primary purpose of the OURS Foundation is to introduce, nurture and expand a cultural dimension to humanity's astronautical endeavors. This task will be manifested through the identification, investigation, support and realization of related cultural, astronautical, humanitarian, environmental and educational activities which may take place both on and off planet Earth, and which are deemed as beneficial to the development and advancement of human civilization in this new environment.

Ars Astronautica
Ars Astronautica is a World Wide Web project dedicated to developing a cultural dimension to humanity's space endeavors by exploring, reporting and nurturing the contemporary arts associated with the exploration and development of the space frontier.

International Association of Astronomical Artists
The IAAA was founded in 1982 by a small group of artists who journeyed through the fascinating but seldom trod territory where science and art overlap. Since its founding, the IAAA has grown to number over 120 members, representing twenty countries. 
The object of the IAAA, as a non-profit foundation, is to implement and participate in astronomical and space art projects, to promote education about astronomical art and to foster international cooperation in artistic work inspired by the exploration of the Universe. 

Space Painting/Photography Cosmos Paintings - Leah Lubin 

Electric Olive Gallery - Ken Fair 

Tharsis Gallery - Marilynn Flynn 

Mars - Joel Hagen 

Astro Art Pages - David Hardy 

Imperial Earth - B.E. Johnson

Space Paintings - Ron Miller

Space Art Gallery - Ludek Pesek

Astronomical Paintings - Jim Scotti

Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Space Flight Dolphin Project - Richard Clar 
An inflatable dolphin sculpture/satellite will be deployed from the cargo bay of the U.S. Space Shuttle into low earth orbit. After deployment, Space Flight Dolphin will transmit a signal modulated by dolphin "voices" that may be detected or sensed by extraterrestrial intelligence (ETI). 

SETI Institute
The SETI Institute is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific research, education and public outreach. Founded in 1984, the Institute today employs over 100 scientists, educators and support staff. Research at the Institute is anchored by two centers, each directed by a renowned scientist who holds an endowed chair. Dr. Jill Tarter leads the Center for SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) research as Bernard M. Oliver Chair for SETI, while Dr. Christopher Chyba holds the Carl Sagan Chair, and directs the Center for the Study of Life in the Universe. 

Views from Space The GeoSphere Project
The purpose of The GeoSphere Project is to make complex global systems understandable. Through the use of technology we are creating visualizations that illustrate and enhance our understanding of Earth processes. By visualizing and understanding these processes we can evolve from Earth resource users to Earth resource managers.
Art Viewed from Earth Echoes From the Moon - Pauline Oliveros
Echoes From the Moon was created in 1987 with support from the National Endowment for the Arts. In this project the sound signals were sent to the moon with the help of some antennae. The antenna on the Moon sends it back to the Earth. 
The first "Hello" that was sent to the Moon by Pauline was in 1987, and after about 2 and 1/2 minutes the returned "Hello" was heard. The sound shifted slightly downward in pitch - a Doppler effect caused by the motion of the moon moving relative to the earth - like the whistle of a train as it rushes past. Then Pauline played a duo with the moon using a tin whistle, accordion and conch shell. 
Art Executed in Space and Weightlessness Cosmic Dancer - Arthur Woods
A sculpture floating in a zero-G environment could be viewed from an infinite number of perspectives or angles. This free floating aspect also enables a kinetic dimension to such artworks-resulting in their seemingly independent motion. This was the main idea behind this project.
The Cosmic Dancer entered the history of astronautics as the first three-dimensional artwork that was proposed, officially approved, tested, launched and incorporated into a human environment in outer space as scientifically reasoned "artistic experiment". 

Zero Gravity Project - Arts Catalyst
Arts Catalyst is a group of scientists and artists. They have performed various space arts. One of their most amazing art projects is the Zero Gravity Project. 
In this project the performance is carried out insed an aircraft. The aircraft follows a parabloic path. Thus when the aircrafts descends there is zero gravity effect inside the aircraft. Zero gravity remains upto about 30 seconds. So the performances should be completed in 30 seconds. They do about 10-12 such parabolic paths in one flight. 
In these performances various dances are performed in zero gravity. The music is also played by musicians in zero gravity.

Conceptual Art Works KEO

KEO is a satellite that will be sent in the space probably in the year 2003. Today, KEO's top priority is to collect a large number of messages, representative of the entire human community of the 21st century. KEO would then take flight to carry this unique fresco of messages destined for our distant future descendants, 50,000 years from now. 

A reflection of our way of life, this record would convey both the richness and the diversity of the human experience. 
Would it give us a glimpse of the answers to the following questions in 2003 itself? 
Who are we?
What are our hopes and expectations?
What future do we wish to build together?